George C. Wolfe

George C. Wolfe

Birth name: George Costello Wolfe
Born: September 23, 1954
Age: 69
Birthplace: Frankfort, Kentucky, USA
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George Costello Wolfe (born September 23, 1954) is an American playwright and director of theater and film. He won a Tony Award in 1993 for directing Angels in America: Millennium Approaches and another Tony Award in 1996 for his direction of the musical Bring in 'da Noise/Bring in 'da Funk. He served as Artistic Director of The Public Theatre from 1993 until 2004.


Early life and education

Wolfe was born in Frankfort, Kentucky, the son of Anna (née Lindsey), an educator, and Costello Wolfe, a government clerk. He attended an all-black private school where his mother taught. After a family move, he began attending the integrated Frankfort public school district.

He attended Frankfort High School where he began to pursue his interest in the theatre arts, and wrote poetry and prose for the school's literary journal. After high school, Wolfe enrolled at the historically black Kentucky State University, the alma mater of his parents. Following his first year, he transferred to Pomona College in Claremont, California, where he pursued a BA in theater. Wolfe taught for several years in Los Angeles at the Inner City Cultural Center and later in New York. He earned an MFA in dramatic writing and musical theater at New York University in 1983.


In 1977, Wolfe gave C. Bernard Jackson, the executive director of the Inner City Cultural Center in the Los Angeles, the first scene of a play he was working on. Rather than suggest that he finish writing it, Jackson said, "Here's some money, go do it." The name of the play was Tribal Rites, or The Coming of the Great God-bird Nabuku to the Age of Horace Lee Lizer. Wolfe stated in an article he wrote about Jackson for the Los Angeles Times that "this production was perhaps the most crucial to my evolution" as an artist.

Among Wolfe's first major offerings—the musical Paradise (1985) and his play The Colored Museum (1986)--were off-Broadway productions that met with mixed reviews. In 1989, however, Wolfe won an Obie Award for best off-Broadway director for his play Spunk, an adaptation of three stories by Zora Neale Hurston.

Wolfe gained a national reputation with his 1991 musical Jelly's Last Jam, a musical about the life of jazz musician Jelly Roll Morton; after a Los Angeles opening, the play moved to Broadway, where it received 11 Tony nominations and won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book of a Musical. Two years later, Wolfe directed Tony Kushner's Angels in America: Millennium Approaches to great critical acclaim, as well as a Tony award. Wolfe also directed the world premiere of the second part of "Angels", entitled Perestroika, the following year.

From 1993 to 2004, Wolfe served as artistic director and producer of the New York Shakespeare Festival/Public Theater, where in 1996 he created the musical Bring in 'Da Noise, Bring in 'Da Funk, an ensemble of tap and music starring Savion Glover; the show moved to Broadway's Ambassador Theatre. His work won a second Tony Award for direction and was an enormous financial success.

In 2000, Wolfe co-wrote the book and directed the Broadway production The Wild Party.

In late 2004, Wolfe announced his intention to leave the theater for film direction, beginning with the well-received HBO film Lackawanna Blues.

Despite this move, Wolfe continues to direct plays, such as Tony Kushner's Caroline, or Change and Suzan-Lori Parks' Pulitzer Prize-winning play Topdog/Underdog. In the summer of 2006, he directed a new translation of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage and Her Children at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park; it starred Meryl Streep, Kevin Kline, and Austin Pendleton.

His latest movie, Nights in Rodanthe, opened in theatres in September 2008.

Wolfe is bringing his artistic talent to the design of the upcoming Center for Civil & Human Rights in Atlanta as its new chief creative officer.

Wolfe is openly gay.

In 2013, he was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.

Theater works


Year Title Credit Venue
1992 Jelly's Last Jam Director, writer (book) Virginia Theatre
1993 Angels in America: Millennium Approaches Director, producer Walter Kerr Theatre
1993 Angels in America: Perestroika Director, producer Walter Kerr Theatre
1994 Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992 Director, producer Cort Theatre
1995 The Tempest Director, producer Broadhurst Theatre
1996 Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk Director, producer, lyrics, idea Ambassador Theatre
1998 Golden Child Producer Longacre Theatre
1998 On the Town Director, producer George Gershwin Theatre
2000 The Ride Down Mt. Morgan Producer Ambassador Theatre
2000 The Wild Party Director, producer, writer (book) Virginia Theatre
2002 Elaine Stritch At Liberty Director, producer Neil Simon Theatre
2002 Topdog / Underdog Director, producer Ambassador Theatre
2003 Take Me Out Producer Walter Kerr Theatre
2004 Caroline, or Change Director, producer Eugene O'Neill Theatre
2006 Mother Courage and Her Children Director Delacorte Theatre in Central Park
2011 The Normal Heart Director John Golden Theatre
2013 Lucky Guy Director Broadhurst Theatre
2016 Shuffle Along, or, the Making of the Musical Sensation of 1921 and All That Followed Director, writer (book) Music Box Theatre


Year Title Credit Role
1989 Trying Times (TV) Writer (1 episode)
1993 Fires in the Mirror (TV) Director
1994 Fresh Kill Actor Othello Yellow
2004 Garden State Actor restaurant manager
2005 Lackawanna Blues (TV) Director
2006 The Devil Wears Prada Actor Paul
2008 Nights in Rodanthe Director
2013 You're Not You Director
TBA The Hairball Director, writer

[ Source: Wikipedia ]

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