Pam Grier

Pam Grier

Birth name: Pamela Suzette Grier
Born: May 26, 1949
Age: 74
Birthplace: Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.
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Pamela Suzette Grier (born May 26, 1949) is an American actress. Grier became known in the early 1970s for starring in a string of 1970s women in prison and blaxploitation films such as The Big Bird Cage, Coffy, Foxy Brown, and Sheba, Baby. She starred in Quentin Tarantino's 1997 film Jackie Brown, for which she received a Satellite Award and a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. She has also been nominated for a SAG Award.

For six seasons, Grier portrayed Kate "Kit" Porter on the television series The L Word, which ran from 2004. She received an Emmy nomination for her work in the animated program Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child. Tarantino said that she may have been cinema's first female action star.[3]

Grier was born on May 26, 1949, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the daughter of Gwendolyn Sylvia (née Samuels), a homemaker and nurse, and Clarence Ransom Grier, Jr., who worked as a mechanic and technical sergeant in the United States Air Force. She has one sister and one brother.[4] Grier has stated that she is of mixed ancestry consisting of African-American, Hispanic, Chinese, Filipino, and Cheyenne Indian heritage.[5]

At age 6, Grier was raped by two boys when she was left unattended at her aunt's house. "It took so long to deal with the pain of that," she says, "You try to deal with it, but you never really get over it," she adds. "And not just me; my family endured so much guilt and anger that something like that happened to me."[5] Because of her father's military career, her family moved frequently during her childhood, to various places such as England, and eventually settled in Denver, where she attended East High School. While in Denver, she appeared in a number of stage productions, and participated in beauty contests to raise money for college tuition at Metropolitan State College.



Grier moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1967, where she was initially hired as a receptionist at American International Pictures (AIP).[citation needed] She is believed to have been discovered by director Jack Hill,[citation needed] who cast her in his women-in-prison films The Big Doll House (1971) and The Big Bird Cage (1972). While under contract at AIP, she became a staple of early 1970s blaxploitation movies, playing big, bold, assertive women, beginning with Jack Hill's Coffy (1973), in which she plays a nurse who seeks revenge on drug dealers. Her character was advertised in the trailer as the "baddest one-chick hit-squad that ever hit town!" The film, which was filled with sexual and violent elements typical of the genre, was a box-office hit. Grier is considered to be the first African-American female to headline an action film, as protagonists of previous blaxploitation films were males. In his review of Coffy, critic Roger Ebert praised the film for its believable female lead. He noted that Grier was an actress of "beautiful face and astonishing form" and that she possessed a kind of "physical life" missing from many other attractive actresses.[6] Grier subsequently played similar characters in the AIP films Foxy Brown (1974), Sheba, Baby, and Friday Foster, (both 1975).

With the demise of blaxploitation later in the 1970s, Grier appeared in smaller roles for many years. She acquired progressively larger character roles in the 1980s, including a druggie prostitute in Fort Apache, The Bronx (1981), a witch in Something Wicked this Way Comes (1983), and Steven Seagal's detective partner in Above the Law (1988). She had a recurring role on Miami Vice from 1985 to 1989 and made guest appearances on Martin, Night Court, and The Fresh Prince of Bel Air. She had a recurring role in the TV series Crime Story between 1986 and 1988. Her role in Rocket Gibraltar (1988) was cut due to fears by the film's director, Daniel Petrie, of "repercussions from interracial love scenes".[7] She appeared on Sinbad, Preston Chronicles, The Cosby Show, The Wayans Brothers Show, and Mad TV. In 1994, Grier appeared in Snoop Dogg's video for "Doggy Dogg World".

Grier with moderator Jarrett Crippen during a Q&A session at the 2013 Wizard World New York Experience

In the late 1990s, Grier was a cast member of the Showtime series Linc's. She appeared in 1996 in John Carpenter's Escape from L.A. and 1997 with the title role in Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown, films that partly paid homage to her 1970s blaxploitation movies. She was nominated for numerous awards for her work in the Tarantino film. Grier appeared on Showtime's The L Word, in which she played Kit Porter. The series ran for six seasons and ended in March 2009. Grier occasionally guest-stars in such television series as Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (where she is a recurring character).

In 2010, Grier began appearing in a recurring role on the hit science-fiction series Smallville as the villain Amanda Waller, also known as White Queen, head agent of Checkmate, a covert operations agency. She appeared as a friend and colleague to Julia Roberts' college professor in 2011's Larry Crowne.

In 2010, Grier wrote her memoir, Foxy: My Life in Three Acts, with Andrea Cagan.[8] In January 2018, Grier revealed a biopic based on her book is in the works titled, Pam.[9]

Grier received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore in 2011. That same year, she received an honorary Doctorate of Science from Langston University.[10]

She started the Pam Grier Community Garden and Education Center with the National Multicultural Western Heritage Museum. The purpose is to teach people about organic gardening, health and nutrition among other things.[11]

Personal life

Grier has never been married and has no children but she has had a few high profile relationships.

Grier met basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar before he became a Muslim. Soon after they began dating, he converted to Islam. Abdul-Jabbar proposed to Grier, but gave her an ultimatum to convert to Islam. He said, "If you don’t commit to me today, I'm getting married at 2 this afternoon. She's a converted Muslim, and she's been prepared for me," adding, "once you become Muslim, you might appreciate another wife." Grier declined, and he got married that day.[12]

Grier met comedian Freddie Prinze while promoting her film Coffy in 1973. They fell in love and considered marriage.[12] Prinze wanted her to have his baby[13] but she did not want to bring a child into the world while he was unstable.[14] Prinze suffered from depression and drug addiction. They remained in touch after she broke up with him. She was one of the last people Prinze spoke to before he fatally shot himself in 1977.[9]

Grier met comedian Richard Pryor through her relationship with Prinze. They did not begin dating until they were both cast in Greased Lightning.[12] She helped Pryor learn to read[9] and wanted to help him with his drug addiction.[13] After six months sober, he relapsed.[12] In her memoir she revealed her sexual relationship with Pryor caused cocaine to enter her system. Her doctor informed her that she had a "buildup of cocaine residue" around her cervix and vagina which he called an "epidemic" in Beverly Hills. He asked if perhaps Pryor put cocaine on his penis to sustain his erection but she was unsure.[15] The doctor then asked her if her mouth went numb while performing oral sex on Pryor, she said it did and he linked it the Novocaine-like effects of cocaine. Grier confronted Pryor about protecting her health, but he refused to use a condom.[14] Pryor later got engaged to another woman while he was dating Grier in 1977.

Grier was diagnosed with stage-four cervical cancer in 1988, and was told she had 18 months to live. Through vigorous treatment she made a recovery and has been in remission.[16]

Grier was formerly romantically linked to Soul Train host Don Cornelius[17] and basketball player Wilt Chamberlain.[18][19]

In 1998, Grier was engaged to music executive Kevin Evans, but the engagement ended in 1999. From 2000 to 2008, she dated marketing executive Peter Hempel.[citation needed]



Year Title Role Notes
1970 Beyond the Valley of the Dolls Partygoer
1971 The Big Doll House Grear
Women in Cages Alabama
1972 The Twilight People Ayesa
Cool Breeze Mona
The Big Bird Cage Blossom
Hit Man Gozelda
1973 Black Mama White Mama Lee Daniels
Coffy Coffy
Scream Blacula Scream Lisa Fortier
1974 The Arena Mamawi
Foxy Brown Foxy Brown
1975 Sheba, Baby Sheba Shayne
Bucktown Aretha
Friday Foster Friday Foster
1976 Drum Regine
1977 Greased Lightning Mary Jones
Twilight of Love Sandra
1981 Fort Apache, The Bronx Charlotte
1983 Something Wicked This Way Comes Dust Witch
Tough Enough Myra
1985 Stand Alone Cathryn Bolan
1986 The Vindicator Hunter
On the Edge Cora
1987 The Allnighter Sgt. McLeesh
1988 Above the Law Delores 'Jacks' Jackson
1989 The Package Ruth Butler
1990 Class of 1999 Ms. Connors
1991 Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey Ms. Wardroe
1993 Posse Phoebe
1996 Original Gangstas Laurie Thompson
Escape from L.A. Hershe Las Palmas
Mars Attacks! Louise Williams
1997 Fakin' da Funk Annabelle Lee
Jackie Brown Jackie Brown San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Empire Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role
1999 Jawbreaker Detective Vera Cruz
In Too Deep Det. Angela Wilson
Holy Smoke! Carol
2000 Snow Day Tina
Fortress 2: Re-Entry Susan Mendenhall
Wilder Detective Della Wilder
2001 Ghosts of Mars Commander Helena Braddock
Bones Pearl Nominated — Black Reel Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture
2002 The Adventures of Pluto Nash Flura Nash
2005 Back in the Day Mrs. Cooper
2010 The Invited Zelda
Just Wright Janice Wright
2011 Larry Crowne Frances
2012 Woman Thou Art Loosed: On the 7th Day Detective Barrick
Mafia James Womack
The Man with the Iron Fists Jane
2017 Bad Grandmas Coralee
Rose Lily
2019 Poms Post-production


Year Title Role Notes
1979 Roots: The Next Generations Francey Miniseries
Episode: "Part IV (1917-1921)"
1980 The Love Boat Cynthia Wilbur 2 episodes
1985 Badge of the Assassin Alexandra Horn Television film
1985-1990 Miami Vice Valerie Gordon 3 episodes
1986 Night Court Benet Collins 2 episodes
1986-1988 Crime Story Suzanne Terry Recurring role
7 episodes
1987 The Cosby Show Samantha Episode: "Planning Parenthood"
1988 Frank's Place Neema Sharone Episode: "Frank's Place - The Movie"
1989 Midnight Caller Susan Province Episode: "Blood Red"
1990 Knots Landing Lieutenant Guthrie 2 episodes
1991 Monsters Matilde Episode: "Hostile Takeover"
1992 Pacific Station Grace Ballard Episode: "My Favorite Dad"
A Mother's Right: The Elizabeth Morgan Story Linda Holman Television film
1994 In Living Color Herself Episode: "Mrs. Ikefire"
The Sinbad Show Lynn Montgomery 2 episodes
The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Janice Robertson Episode: "M is for the Many Things She Gave Me"
1995 The Marshal Marshal Vanetta Brown Episode: "Rainbow Comix"
Martin Herself Episode: "All the Players Came"
1996 Sparks Ms. Grayson Episode: "Pillow Talk"
The Wayans Bros. Erica Episodes: "Goin' to the Net"
1998 Mad TV Host Episode #3.25
Pinky and the Brain Julie Auburn Voice role
Episode: "Inherit the Wheeze"
Family Blessings Mrs. Quincy Television film
1998-2000 Linc's Eleanor Winthrop Series regular
35 episodes
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Comedy Series
1999 The Wild Thornberrys Mother Springbok Voice role
Episode: "Stick Your Neck Out"
Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child The Empress' Nightingale Voice role
Episode: "The Empress' Nightingale"
Nominated — Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program
Hayley Wagner, Star Sam Television film
For Your Love Brenda Episode: "The Sins of the Mother and... the Boyfriend"
2001 The Feast of All Saints Suzzette Lermontant Television film
3 A.M. George Television movie
Nominated — Black Reel Award for Best Actress in Network/Cable Series
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special
2002 Night Visions Dr. Lewis Episode: "Switch"
Justice League My'ria'h Voice role
2 episodes
2002-2003 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Asst. US Attorney Claudia Williams 2 episodes
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
2003 First to Die Claire Washburn Television film
2004-2009 The L Word Kit Porter Series regular
70 episodes
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
2008 Ladies of the House Roberta "Birdie" Marchand Television film
2010 Smallville Amanda Waller 3 episodes
2015 Cleveland Abduction Nurse Carla Television film
2018 This Is Us Grandma Episode: "This Big, Amazing, Beautiful Life"

Video games

Year Title Role Notes
2013 Grand Theft Auto V Radio Presenter DJ on in-game radio station 'The Lowdown 91.1'
2017 Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare Herself


  • "Long Time Woman" (1971, from the film The Big Doll House)
  • "Communication" by Bobby Womack (1971, backing vocals)
  • "Understanding" by Bobby Womack (1972, backing vocals)

[ Source: Wikipedia ]

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